Wednesday, March 28, 2012

Ananke

In Greek mythology, Ananke, also spelled Anangke, Anance, or Anagke (Ancient Greek: Ἀνάγκη, from the common noun ἀνάγκη, "force, constraint, necessity"), was a primeval (Protogenos ) ancient Greek goddess of inevitability, the personification of destiny, necessity and fate. She appears as a serpentine being, and marks the beginning of the cosmos, along with Chronos, in the Orphic cosmogony. Together they surrounded the primal egg of solid matter and so brought about the creation of the ordered universe. The ancient representation of the goddess, is perhaps a torch-bearing figure , but she was also depicted holding a spindle, as the representation of Moira (fate).
Ananke may be related with the Homeric Moira and with Tekmor, the primeval goddess of ordinance in the cosmogony of Alcman (7th century BC). It seems that she represented a universal principle of natural order, which controlled all fate and circumstance of mortals, and was far beyond the reach of the younger gods whose fates she was sometimes said to control. The Greek writers named this power Moira, or Ananke , and even the gods could not alter what was ordained.
According to the ancient Greek traveller Pausanias, there was a temple in ancient Corinth where the goddesses Ananke and Bia (meaning violence or violent haste) were worshipped together in the same shrine.
In Roman mythology, she was called Necessitas ("necessity").

In the cosmogony of Alcman first came Thetis (Disposer, Creation), and then simultaneously Poros (path) and Tekmor Poros is related with the beginning of all things, and Tekmor is related with the end of all things.
Later in the Orphic cosmogony, first came Thesis (Disposer), whose ineflable nature is unexpressed. Ananke is the primeval goddess of inevitability, and she is entwined in the serpentine coils of her mate, the time-god Chronos, at the very beginning of time. They represent the everlasting cosmic-forces of fate and time. Together they surround the primal egg of solid matter ( Orphic egg) in their constricting coils and split it into its constituent parts (earth, heaven and sea) and so they bring about the creation of the ordered universe. These ideas were the basis of the cosmogony of Empedocles (5th century BC). Strife (Neikos) separated the four elements from the initial sphere, until Love (Philia) appeared and balanced everything. Strife and Love are fighting against each other in a cosmic ever-recurring process, and stern Ananke keeps the immemorial order.
A cosmic egg is a mythological motif found in the creation myths of many cultures and civilizations. The earliest ideas of "Egg-shaped Cosmos" seem to come from some of the Sanskrit scriptures (Brahmanda). The Rig Veda uses the term Hiranyagarbha, (literally "golden fetus" or "golden womb") , which floats around in emptiness for a while, and then breaks into two halves which formed heaven ( Dyaus, in Greek Zeus ) and earth

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