Sunday, March 18, 2012

Greek Chthonic deities

Chthonic deities
Amphiaraus (Αμφιαραύς), a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebe who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
Askalaphos (Ἀσκάλαφος), the son of Acheron and Orphne who tended the Underworld orchards before being transformed into a screech owl by Demeter
Cerberus (Κέρβερος), the three-headed hound who guarded the gates of Hades
Charon (Χάρων), ferryman of Hades
Empusa (Έμπουσα), a monstrous underworld spirit or spirits with flaming hair, the leg of a goat and a leg of bronze. They are also servants of Hecate.
Erebos (Έρεβος), the primeval god of darkness, his mists encircled the underworld and filled the hollows of the earth
The Erinyes (Ἐρινύες), the Furies, goddesses of retribution
Alecto (Ἀληκτώ), the unceasing one
Tisiphone (Τισιφόνη), avenger of murder
Megaera (Μέγαιρα), the jealous one
Hecate (Εκάτη), goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts and necromancy
Judges of the Dead
Aiakos (Αιακός), former mortal king of Aegina, guardian of the keys of Hades and judge of the men of Europe
Minos (Μίνως), former mortal king of Crete and judge of the final vote
Rhadamanthys (Ῥαδάμανθυς), former mortal lawmaker and judge of the men of Asia
Keuthonymos (Κευθόνυμος), an Underworld spirit and father of Menoetes
Cronus (Κρόνος), deposed king of the Titans; after his release from Tartarus he was appointed king of the Island of the Blessed
Lamia (Λάμια), a vampiric Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
Lampades (Λαμπάδες), torch-bearing Underworld nymphs
Gorgyra (Γοργύρα)
Orphne (Ορφνη), a Lampad nymph of Hades, mother of Askalaphos
Macaria (Μακαρία), daughter of Hades and goddess of blessed death (not to be confused with the daughter of Heracles)
Melinoe (Μελινόη), daughter of Persephone and Zeus who presided over the propitiations offered to the ghosts of the dead
Menoetes (Μενοίτης), an Underworld spirit who herded the cattle of Hades
Mormo (Μορμώ), a fearsome Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
Nyx (Νύξ), the primeval goddess of night
Persephone (Περσεφόνη), queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
Rivers of the Underworld
Acheron (Αχέρων), the river of pain
Kokytos (Kωκυτός), the river of wailing
Lethe (Λήθη), the river of forgetfulness
Phlegethon (Φλεγέθων), the river of fire
Styx (Στύξ), the river of hate
Tartarus (Τάρταρος), the primeval god of the dark, stormy pit of Hades
Thanatos (Θάνατος), spirit of death and minister of Hades

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